2.3 Principle II: Avoid Contact with Blood

Personal Protective Equipment

Face Protection

Face protectionFace protection (e.g., chin-length face shields, masks, eyewear with side shields) is required for sealant application, since spatter is anticipated. Eyewear must have solid side shields.1,2 Eyewear or face shields should be cleaned between patients and, if visibly soiled, disinfected.2

During sealant application, oral health professionals should wear surgical masks that cover their noses and mouths. Masks should be changed between patients or during treatment if they become damp.2 Program staff should remove masks by the fasteners and not by the masks themselves and should not wear masks off the face and around the neck.

Protective Clothing

Protective clothing must be worn when there is reasonable likelihood that patient body fluids may contact some portion of the oral health professional’s skin or non-PPE garments.1,2 Such contact is unlikely to occur during screenings, but it may occur during sealant application. Protective clothing must be washed, or, if disposable, discarded.

Program staff are unlikely to need fluid-resistant gowns because contact with body fluid that would seep through a garment before it can be changed is not anticipated.

Protective clothing should be removed immediately or as soon as possible if blood or other infectious materials have penetrated it. Protective clothing does not need to be changed after each patient unless it is visibly soiled.